The World War II was an international military conflict that started in 1939 and ended in 1945. During this time all the global nations especially the great powers formed two major opposing alliances. In this case, more than 100 million military globally were incited. The major participants of the war used their economic, military, scientific, technological and political abilities at the service of the war effort hence eliminating the previously placed distinction between civilian and military. It has been indicated that, World War II was the most deadly conflict between countries of the world throughout human history. This is because it led to the death of so many military personnel and also civilians. During this was, the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters through the military attack bombed the Pearl Harbor in the United States of America that led to America getting involved in the war. Importantly, the American attack by the Japan was to warn it or prevent it from influencing the war that was planned by the Empire of Japan on the Southeast Asia. On this basis, this war was planned against Britain, Netherlands and the Philippines (Aaseng 78).
It should be noted that, Japan had planned to attack Malaya as well as the Dutch East Indies in order to get access of natural resources such as oil and rubber. In this case, Japan viewed America as a threat as far as this invasion was concerned and decided to silence it. On this basis, the United States of America decided to enter into the war to take ravage on the Empire of Japan. As a result of this, the American technology that was basically used in communication was destroyed especially when the ships sunk after being bombed. Notably, during the World War II conflicting countries needed technology and science in communication especially when they used ships. Certainly, the Japanese attack on the American Pearl Harbor destroyed their science and technology as far as codes are concerned and hence forced American military troupes to use the Navajo Indians and their language to make the unbreakable code. In this study, the science that was needed during this war is termed as the science and the Indian innovation will be termed as the technology (Watson 34).
Innovation of Code Talking
A point worth noting is that, code talkers was a terminology that was used during the World War II to describe those people who used the code language to communicate. On this basis, the Native Americans served in the American Marine Corps where their main job was transmission of secret tactical messages that aided the fighters to attain success. Importantly, the code talkers usually transmitted these secret ideas and thoughts over the military telephones with the use of official or unofficial established codes that were created upon their native languages. Basically, this code communication was very vital since it made communication secretive throughout the war period (Utter 110).
Certainly, after the America technology and science were destroyed by the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters the bilingual Navajo speakers were recruited by the Marines in order to function in their standard communications units in the Pacific Theater. According to Santella (32), the aspect of code talking was engineered by the Choctaw Indians that served the United States of America during the World War I. it is of importance to note that, the World War 1 needed advanced technology and science in conquering the conflicting nations. In this case, the innovation of code talking by the Navajo Indians that served the United States of America during this time. On the other hand, the aspect of using this code language and code communications in terms of signals was termed as the World War 11 science. On this basis, there was a need of a code that was not breakable after the American code was broken by the Japanese attack. In this case, this could only be found through innovations of new technology which was done by the Navajo Indians (Santella 32).
A point worth noting is that, the idea of using code talking in order to secure the messages and information sent to the American army and Army air corps was first developed by Philip Johnston. In this case, Philip was one of the few Navajos who were able to speak their native language effortlessly. In this case, he was able to search for military codes that could not be broken by the Japanese specialists in code breaking. This is because he was aware of what the code talking resulted in the World War 1 (McCoy 67).
The reason as to why the code talking technology emerged from the Navajo was because they had the military requirements for illegible code since it is an unwritten language that is very complex and very difficult to understand. In this case, if someone was not trained how to use the Navajo language in talking it would be very hard to understand the syntax and tonal qualities. On the basis of language complexity, the Navajo language and the Navajo Indians were indicated as the most preferable elements that would bring about victory in America. As a result of this, early 1942 Johnston met with Major General Clayton B. who was in charge of the general of Amphibious Corps in Pacific Fleet, and his personnel to induce them of the Navajo language’s value as code. This is because he had shown some qualities in this language that were not present in other languages to make it viable to be used in code talking. In the process of coming up with code talking, Johnston conducted tests under replicated battle conditions where he demonstrated that Navajos could program, broadcast, and decipher a three-line English message in 20 seconds. This was a very essential technology since machines of the time required 30 minutes to perform the same job. As a result of this, Vogel was convinced by this technology and hence suggested to the Commandant of the Marine Corps that the Marines recruit 200 Navajos. This indicates how the code talking in America by the Navajo Indians was innovated and implemented (Langille 37).
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We can gain knowledge of history from books and online but furthermore buy experience. An example of hands on experience is working with airplane models in the form of replicas and plane kits. This can really be an educational and learning experience. Persons who purchase and work on world war second model planes may absolutely take pleasure in learning how these ww2 model planes worked and also through the process discover the history of this era.
The boxes you buy will show pictures of ww2 planes right on the top of the box, thus adding up to the excitement. Airplane models, whether the deadly American B17 or the German dive bombing Stuka, can be bought as replicas from the many plane kits on sale. These and other world war two model planes may lead you to an additional study of that time. These model planes and pictures of the planes will give you an opportunity to open up a new field of knowledge for you.
When you have assembled the airplane model you can extend the study of the plane, the times around the 1935 to 1945, and the actions which gave it life. You will then learn that the Stuka bomber was a deadly instrument in the destruction of Warsaw in Poland and Rotterdam in Holland. The air force in Germany was then called the Luftwaffe. Right away you have now learned about two cities by simply purchasing and assembling one of many world war 2 model planes.
Mitsubishi automobiles are common today and known to be quite safe and reliable cars. Do you know that this company produced the Japanese planes Zeros? Some of the planes that delivered death to Pearl Harbor and other places throughout the 1930s and 1940s? If you buy this plane as one of your purchases in plane kits, your understanding of these years since they relate to the United States and Japan can be extended with a little effort and curiosity.
Air plane models is a great hobby in that the parts of different aircrafts are learned. You will learn words like fuselage and ailerons as well as their function as part of a plane. It is really an exciting hobby to work with these model planes and newer aircraft as well. When you get involved in this hobby you will find it both relaxing and enlightning. Many of us spend hours and hours and it is great fun. If you get into this hobby you will after some time be very glad you did.
Keith also has the following sites about World War 2 Airplane Models – http://www.AirplaneModelsNow.com/worldwariimodelairplanes.php
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Five-Night Event Premieres November 15 at 9/8c —— WWII in HD is the first documentary to show World War II as it really was from the perspective of both sides, in full, immersive, HD color. Culled from rare color archival footage from an exhaustive worldwide search and converted to HD with a meticulous new technique, this series uses diaries and source documents to follow the personal stories of a handful of soldiers who fought in the major battles.
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World War II was a world wide conflict between the Allied and Axis powers. It went on for 6 years between 1939 and 1945 and finally came to an end with the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and in total 60 million deaths occurred.
While the Axis consisted of Germany, Italy and Japan, the European countries had separate goals to that of Japan. It was through the common enemies that they became allies, so World War II is really split into two parts, Germany and Italy’s genocidal attacks (the Holocaust) on Europe, and Japans conquest to expand into Asia.
There are many causes to the start of the war, but the biggest is accredited to state Germany was left in at the end of World War I. It was economically crippled and the treaty of Versailles meant that it found it hard to rebuild its self and to advance technologically. This caused problems right at the start for the new Weimar Republic, Germany’s first democracy. It enabled the more radically extreme parties to gain power, one of which was called the Nazi party. The Nazi’s were headed by Adolf Hitler, and by the end of the great depression, he had over 100000 members. As its parliamentary standing and credibility increased, Hitler managed to convince Hindenburg to make him a Chancellor. This gave Hitler all the power he needed to start to turn the German people to his plans, and by 1939 Hitler began his campaign on conquering Europe, by invading Poland, which caused England and France to retaliate, causing World War II. Over the years, Germany slowly conquered Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium and France, with the help of Italy. Britain was the only country to stand firm to Hitlers onslaught, mainly due to the success of the British Air force and the Royal Navy.
Within these years, Hitler started his campaign to exterminate all impure races, including Jews, blacks, disabled people and many others deemed to be inferior to his Arian race. This resulted in the Holocaust with nearly as many as six million Jewish deaths, 10% of the total toll by the end of the war.
In 1941, Hitler turned his attention to Russia and launched a surprise campaign. While all seemed to be going well, Hitler had made a critical mistake, and through the Russian winter, Russian troops managed to capture a vast portion of his Army, causing the remainder to retreat. The Russian troops perused the remainder of Germany’s army, all the way to Berlin where Europe’s part of the war ended as the other allied troops had swept through Italy and France to meet them. Hitler committed suicide in an underground bunker.
Japan wanted to expand itself into eastern Asia, and began its bloody campaign on July 7th 1937. It attacked China and then started to launch surprise attacks on several countries, one being the USA at Pearl Harbor, which brought the Americans into World War I. Through another 6 months of success, allied troops finally managed to turn the tables and halted Japans progress through Asia. With a lot of key battles being won, the Allies managed to start pushing Japan back. In the end Japan surrendered after the USA dropped two nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, resulting in the instant destruction of these two cities.
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The Changi Museum was opened on the 59th Anniversary of the fall of Singapore to the Japanese. It is dedicated to all those who experienced the tragedy and who faced so much of suffering and torture during the war ridden years especially in the Changi area. The museum hopes to serve the purpose of educating and inspiring the younger and future generations about World War Two, the heroes, the tragedies and the bitter, hard times of those years and strengthen their knowledge on a critical time of Singaporean history. Through documentation of the events of the Japanese occupation of Singapore the museum is a vital resource centre. For the prisoners of war (POW) and their loved ones the museum serves as a monument to their mental agony the unfortunate and unbearable conditions that they were faced with.
Once you enter the Changi Museum you can learn about the living condition of the lives of the people before the war in Changi and how it was named Changi as well as how the military came to Changi. There is also a comprehensive map on the Japanese expansion into Southeast Asia. One important feature is a wall that glorifies the efforts of units that defended Singapore before its defeat to the Japanese Occupation.
In the Changi Museum there is also a storyboard which portrays to the visitor what happened during the war and contains quotes from war veterans, prisoners of war and locals who explain the experiences and emotions of war and also serves an educational purpose by giving a firsthand account of what life was really like. Another famous feature are the collections which showcase the materials, personal belongings and tools which belonged to the prisoners of war as well as other memorabilia related to the war or what was used during this horrible time in Singaporean history. These items have been donated from all sources such as the prisoners of war themselves, their families, and organizations as well as other sources. Changi Museum is an important part of a Singapore holiday. If you’re looking for a hotel accommodation Singapore there are plenty of options available to you; however the Copthorne Orchid Hotel Singapore is an exceptional establishment offering fine hotel rooms in Singapore.
Pushpitha Wijesinghe is an experienced independent freelance writer. He specializes in providing a wide variety of content and articles related to the travel hospitality industry.
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This is a preview for a series on WWII, and that deserves more credit than that pitiful air time it had on PBS 10 years ago. Unlike other series on WWII such as the famous World at War series, it offers no interview, no war stories. It look at the big picture of the war from the view of macro history, and its impacts on us. I’ll upload the first episode on the interwar years, and the final episode on consequences of the war to get you started. The war itself however, you’ll have to discover yourself. This series is hard to find now, but is its still possible. If you own the copyright to this content, just PM me and I’ll take it down. Just please make it more available.
Video Rating: 5 / 5